in the early 1800's, the SARGENT Manufacturing Company
is a market leader in the manufacture of architectural
hardware, including locksets, cylinders, door closers,
exit devices, electromechanical products, and access
control systems for new construction, renovation, and
replacement applications. The company’s customer
base includes commercial construction, institutional
and industrial markets. For more information, visit www.sargentlock.com/.
Ceramics Brick Company¹s KLADbrick out-performs
conventional precast concrete wall panels, because the
look and feel of real brick is paired with the cost
efficiencies of precast panels yielding successes on
many levels. KLADbrick fills the void between
traditional brick walls and precast concrete panels.
For more information, visit carolinaceramics.com
or call 866-788-1916.
Model Instantly on Actual Project Costs
From The Publishers of:
Design Cost Data Magazine
DCD Archives™ is an easy-to-use cost-modeling database that
houses over 1,300 actual projects, as featured in DCD
magazine, along with up-to-date cost indices. Users
can choose from hundreds of building types, select a
similar project to what they are looking for, change
the bid date and location and quickly produce a new
cost model. The actual case study, as it appeared in
DCD, is also available to print to include with a new
cost model report.
DCD offers access to this massive database Free to
paid subscribers of DCD. DCD Subscribers have
unlimited access to the DCD Archives™ for the term of their
Subscribers can access the DCD Archives™ by
simply entering their Subscriber Number (found beside
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Login Box along with their Email address. Special
Two-Year Offer only $110.17.
Architect's Square Foot Costbook 2009
theme of this year's edition is Commercial and
Industrial Buildings. Also, over one quarter of the
case studies presented feature significant green
building strategies as indicated by the LEED® Rating
system, encompassing recycled construction waste,
recycled material content and re-use, recycled
rainwater, bio-retention and wetland storm
management, indoor environmental air quality, energy
efficient lighting, hybrid HVAC systems, green
roofs, and native or adaptive vegetation.
Submit Your Projects For Publication in DCD.
Gain national recognition with a featured Case Study, which focuses on your firm's design capabilities.
Receive 100 FREE reprints of your case study to use for promotional purposes.
Legitimize your work to your peers. Contribute to the
DCD Archives™, a unique historical cost database development tool that enables the construction industry to develop cost models based on actual construction.
Submitting a case study is easy! Simply call DCD to indicate your interest in having a case study featured and from documents you already have on hand, our editors can assist you in putting a case study together quickly and effortlessly. You supply the information and let DCD do the work!
To be sent a Case Study Submittal Package or to find our more about how easy it is to have your projects published, call Patty Owens at DCD toll-free at 800-533-5680 or email
Contractor’s View on the Low Bidder
By: Arthur O'Leary, FAIA, MRIAI
It costs considerable money to prepare a credible bid as well
as causing major disruption of the firm’s office operation
while at the same time staying on top of the projects
actively under construction. If the contractor does not end
up as low bidder, then all the time and effort expended in
preparing the proposal is down the tube. Nothing is
salvageable. All that is gained is bidding experience - and
who needs it?
Contractors rightly expect to be taken seriously. They are
entitled to expect that ethical owners and their architect
advisors will not ask them to participate in useless,
informal, or corrupt bidding situations. They want to be
treated fairly and with due respect.
The linchpin of fair competitive bidding protocols is the
basic principle of awarding the contract to the lowest
responsible bidder. This presupposes that the bid list is
made up of prequalified contractors. Any legitimate reasons
that would justify eliminating the ultimate low bidder
should have been uncovered in the process of compiling the
list of competent bidders.
Nutrition Center Promotes Animal Conservation, Sustainable
With its high profile green roof and
other sustainable design features, St. Louis Zoo’s new
Orthwein Animal Nutrition Center serves as one of the first
non-animal exhibits in the zoo’s history.
The St. Louis Zoo has made its new animal nutrition center,
typically a back-of-house facility at most zoos, a major
component of its public exhibit. In addition, the zoo’s new
Orthwein Animal Nutrition Center (OANC) educates and informs
visitors not only of the importance of plant material and
nutrition for animals and animal conservation, but also
serves as a high profile showcase for sustainable design.
The OANC, which opened in June 2007, prepares and distributes
diverse foodstuffs to the zoo’s entire animal collection,
including 800 species with 22,805 individual specimens. The
Animal Nutrition Center also has a dedicated research
laboratory to perform the challenging work of replicating
diets of animals in the wild. In addition, the center is the
zoo’s first building designed and built to the standard of
the U.S. Green Building Council's Leadership in Energy and
Environmental Design (LEED) silver certification.
DCD Subscribers: The archives of Design Cost Data are
available online at DCD.COM
in the DCD Archives™.
The DCD Archives™ contains over 1,200 completed projects, and their
actual cost to build, to assist you in developing preliminary
cost estimates, building type research, cost modeling and
more. The DCD Archives™ includes cost escalators through 2011 and
regional modifiers in an easy-to-use cost modeling database.
Access the DCD Archives™ with your DCD Subscriber
Number that is located on your DCD Magazine mailing label next
to your last name. To become a subscriber of DCD, you can
subscribe online at DCD.COM
or call us at 800-533-5680.
Economic And Credit Conditions Severely Weaken Construction
The weak economy and tight credit conditions, coupled with
severe job losses and the resulting decline in state
government revenues, will translate into significant
weakness for the construction industry through 2010, leading
the Portland Cement Association (PCA) to again adjust its
cement consumption forecast.
The latest PCA forecast of cement, concrete, and construction
predicts a 12.8 percent decline in cement consumption in
2008, followed by 11.9 percent and 2.1 percent declines in
2009 and 2010, respectively.
The PCA report cites the continued drop in residential starts
and the erosion of the strong fundamentals supporting
nonresidential construction as major factors leading to
reduced cement consumption. The weak economy also has
affected the public construction sector.
“Several economic factors are negatively influencing the
construction industry,” Edward Sullivan, PCA chief economist
said. “High energy prices, the sub-prime crisis, the
melt-down of our financial markets, inflation, job losses
and tight lending standards are combining to create weak
economic conditions and the emergence of huge state
deficits. Public construction accounts for nearly half of
all the total cement consumption in the U.S., and states in
poor fiscal condition will need to cut back on this
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Public Works Building Striving for LEED Silver
There are always unexpected challenges when
designing buildings. Oftentimes the wants and needs of the
owner change, and one project transforms into another that
is completely different, full of its own new challenges. In
the case of the Village of Oak Park Public Works building,
plans changed overnight due to a devastating fire that
destroyed the existing facility. The project changed from
the renovation of and addition to the existing buildings to
starting fresh by designing one large facility that would
encompass all the needs of Oak Park, with an appearance that
fit in the historic community. Holabird & Root was ready for
Since the site is located in the middle of a residential
neighborhood, outreach meetings were held with members of
the community to discuss issues concerning the project. Not
only were storage and maintenance facilities needed, but
also offices for the 85 to 90 individuals necessary to keep
the community up and running. Those who had been living near
the public works building before the fire expressed concerns
about safety, noise, light spill, exhaust fumes, and
unsightly industrial functions. Residents also voiced
concerns about the building’s aesthetics, suggesting that
the new design should reflect the 1920s style of homes in
Billings Index Drops to All Time Low
Declining business conditions also reflected in historic
downturn in project inquiries
On the heels of a six-point drop in September, the
Architecture Billings Index (ABI) plummeted to its lowest
level since the survey began in 1995. As a leading economic
indicator of construction activity, the ABI shows an
approximate nine to twelve month lag time between
architecture billings and construction spending. The
American Institute of Architects (AIA) reported the October
ABI rating was 36.2, down significantly from the 41.4 mark
in September (any score above 50 indicates an increase in
billings). The inquiries for new projects score was 39.9,
also a historic low point.
“Until recently, the institutional sector had been somewhat
insulated from the deteriorating conditions affecting the
commercial and residential markets,” said AIA Chief
Economist Kermit Baker, PhD, Hon. AIA. “Now we are seeing
that governments and nonprofit agencies are having
difficulties getting bonds approved to finance large scale
education and healthcare facilities, furthering the weak
conditions across the construction industry.”
DCD Cost Trends
Design Cost Data™ magazine and BNi®
Building News are devoted to bringing the industry critical
information to assist in developing reliable cost estimates.
To help the construction professional project future
building costs, each issue of Design Cost Data includes an editorial section on Cost Trends.
The DCD LEED
Square Foot Cost Guide
Design Cost Data™
proudly presents the 5th Annual DCD LEED® Square Foot Cost
Guide. Following are actual LEED® rated case studies that
have been published by DCD and which are included in the DCD Archives™ online
DCD is based on the philosophy that actual buildings, when
coupled with up-to-date cost indices, are the most reliable
basis for future building costs. The buildings appearing in
this guide reflect square foot costs that have been
escalated to December 2008 and targeted to a historical
location factor of 1 (see DCD Regional Modifiers and Cost
Escalators on page 45 of this issue). The DCD LEED® Square
Foot Cost Guide is separated by LEED® classification along
with the project's case study number for easy look up in the
DCD Archives™ on DCD.COM.
helps generate solar power on world’s largest ‘green’ museum
Starphire ultra-clear glass by PPG Industries (NYSE: PPG) is
helping to produce solar power for the California Academy of
Sciences in San Francisco, the largest “green” museum in the
The building, designed by award-winning architect Renzo
Piano, opened Sept. 27 and features more than 700 solar
panels made with Starphire glass for Open Energy Corp. (OTCBB:OEGY)
by SunTech Power Holdings Co. The panels form one of the
largest solar canopies in the world and are expected to
generate 213,000 kilowatt-hours of energy per year, or up to
10 percent of the Academy’s electricity needs. Museum
officials estimate that will prevent the release of more
than 400,000 pounds of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere
each year. Read
PASSES MEMBER BALLOT
New Rating System Resets the Bar for Green Building
LEED 2009, the long-awaited update to the internationally
recognized LEED green building certification program, has
passed member ballot, and will be introduced in 2009 as the
next major evolution of the existing LEED rating systems for
commercial buildings. It includes a series of major
technical advancements focused on improving energy
efficiency, reducing carbon emissions, and addressing other
environmental and human health outcomes.