Luther King Jr., Senior High School|
TMP Architecture, Inc.
1191 W. Square Lake Road, Bloomfield Hills, MI 48302
Location: Detroit, Michigan
Date Bid: Apr 2010 Construction Period: June 2010 to Sep
Total Square Feet: 245,412 Site: 23.8 acres.
Number of Buildings: One; High school with 56 classrooms,
auditorium seating 1,191 fixed; gymnasium seating 1,181 with barrier
Building Sizes: First floor, 152,578; second floor, 90,545; third
floor, 551; fourth floor, 1,738; total, 245,412 square feet.
Building Height: First floor, 14’; second floor, 16’; total, 68’
(Floors 3 and 4 pertain to the balcony and mechanical level of the
auditorium only, which reaches 68’. The overall majority of the building
is a two-story building at 30’, with the exceptions of the Gymnasium at
58’ and Martin Luther King Center at 30').
Basic Construction Type: Addition/Renovation.
Foundation: Cast-in-place, pier & grade beam, reinforced
concrete, slab-on-grade. Exterior Walls: Brick, curtain wall,
metal panel. Roof: Built-up, metal. Floors: Concrete,
rubber. Interior Walls: CMU, metal stud drywall.
Projected and/or modeled energy usage KBTU/SF/yr: 20.40.
Consulting Architect: SDG Associates, LLC - 615 Griswold Street,
#103, Detroit, MI 48226
Structural Engineer: Desai/Nasr Consulting Engineers, Inc. - 6765
Daly Road, West Bloomfield, MI 48322
General Contractor: Jenkins Granger Alliance for Detroit Public
Schools - 985 E. Jefferson Avenue, #300, Detroit, MI 48207
Mechanical & Electrical Engineer: FES Group, LLC - 28036 Oakland
Oaks Court, Wixom, MI 48393
Civil Engineer: Spalding DeDecker Associates, Inc. - 1435
Randolph St., #400, Detroit, MI 48226
The new Martin Luther King Jr. Senior High School (MLK) was the first of
seven initial projects in the Detroit Public Schools $500 million bond
program, funded in part with federal stimulus dollars. To qualify for
the stimulus funding, the project was required to be designed,
constructed and occupied within a three-year span of time.
The building project consists of a preserved and remodeled 1980
auditorium wing and a building addition replacing the original 1968 high
school. Within the school, a tribute to Dr. King, the "Martin Luther
King, Jr. Center," is used as a large group lecture venue and as an
informal gathering space for students and visitors. The new building is
divided into four smaller learning communities. The new 245,412 square
foot school includes a cyber cafe, media center overlooking the MLK
Center, a gymnasium with spectator seating for 1,200, an 8-lane
competition pool and a community health center.
Going for Gold In March 2013, the project received LEED(R) Gold
Certification from the United States Green Building Council. The school
features a ground source geothermal heat pump heating and cooling system
that serves all four main academic areas of the school. All south-facing
classroom windows feature sun shades to reduce solar gain and to
increase energy efficiency of the building by reducing the cooling load.
General glazed areas included window shading and low-emissivity glass.
The decision to build the new facility on the 34-acre urban site of the
original school afforded opportunities for community connectivity,
accessibility to general services, and a walking distance to adjacent
residential neighborhoods and public transportation.
The design-build team's strategy included utilizing as many regional
materials as possible to aid in the reduction of pollution from the
transport of materials. Material selection also included many low-VOC
Energy-efficiency initiatives included controllability of lighting
systems and water conservation initiatives included the installation of
low-flow plumbing fixtures.
As with many urban sites, the MLK location was found to have soil
contamination over a substantial percentage of its area, necessitating
an extensive and costly remediation. This posed a challenge not only to
the budget but also to the already compressed project schedule.
Fortunately, the project team took on this apparent challenge and made
it an earth-friendly opportunity, with brownfield redevelopment and
remediation of the contaminated soils to residential standards.
The siting of the project required that the design team develop a
solution for the building form and massing that would comfortably relate
to a neighborhood of both residential scaled dwellings and old and new
mid-rise buildings in proximity to the site. The new building is
comprised of a 197,997 square foot addition and a 47,416 square foot
remodeled wing. The addition is longer than it is wide. To prevent the
school from becoming visually overpowering, the design team organized
the addition block into modules, thus reducing the scale of the shape to
a more compatible one with adjacent buildings.
LEED® Points Achieved
Energy & Atmosphere
Materials & Resources
Indoor Environmental Quality 10
Innovation in Design
Brick: Hanson Metal Panels: Versawall
Sheating: Georgia Pacific
Roofing: Firestone, Berridge Manufacturing
Windows: Litex Curtain Wall, Entrances & Storefront:
Daylighting: Kalwall Gypsum: USG
VCT: Armstrong Flooring: ECO Surfaces, Connor
Metal Framing: Dietrich Elevators: Thyssen Krupp
Lighting: Lithonia, Finelite, SPI