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  Kanu o ka 'Aina Learning 'OhanaKanu o ka 'Aina Learning 'Ohana

Architect

Flansburgh Architects
77 North Washington Street, Boston, MA 02114
www.flansburgh.com

General Description

Location: Kamuela, Hawaii
Sustainable
(Pre-K through 5th Grade)

Date Bid:
Sep 2010 Construction Period: Jan 2011 to Aug 2012
Total Square Feet: 9,100 Site: 14 acres.
Number of Buildings: One.
Building Sizes: First floor, 9,100; total, 9,100 square feet.
Building Height: First floor, 23’.
Basic Construction Type: New, 14 classrooms.
Foundation: Cast-in-place, reinforced concrete, slab-on-grade. Exterior Walls: Fiber cement siding. Roof: Metal, membrane. Floors: Concrete. Interior Walls: Wood stud drywall.

(6th through 12th Grade)
Date Bid:
Sep 2010 Construction Period: Jan 2011 to Nov 2012
Total Square Feet:
6,200 Site: 14 acres.
Number of Buildings:
One.
Building Sizes: First floor, 6,200; total, 6,200 square feet.
Building Height:
First floor, 23’.
Basic Construction Type:
New; 6 classrooms.
Foundation: Cast-in-place, reinforced concrete, slab-on-grade. Exterior Walls: Fiber cement siding. Roof: Metal, membrane. Floors: Concrete. Interior Walls: Wood stud drywall.

Project Team

Structural Engineer: Walter Vorfeld & Associates - 10 Ulana Street, Makawao, HI 96768
General Contractor: Quality Builders, Inc. - P.O. Box 2135, Kamuela, HI 96743
Mechanical Engineer: Hakalau Engineering - P.O. Box 252, Hakalau, HI 96710
Electrical Engineer: Moss Engineering - 1357 Kapiolani Boulevard, #830, Honolulu, HI 96814
Cost Estimator: CostPro, Inc. - One Mifflin Place, Cambridge, MA 02138
Project Manager: Pa'ahana Enterprises - P.O. Box 109, Kealakekua, HI 96750


The Kanu o ka 'Aina Learning 'Ohana (KALO) is a native Hawaiian Charter School for students age PreK-to-Adult. Its educational program is place-based, project-based, multi-aged, and self-sustaining. KALO hired Flansburgh Architects to assist them in master planning a new, central campus. Paramount to the development of this new master plan was the expressed desire for a campus that was "both ancient and modern," enabling an environment where one could "walk in both worlds."

The site is located on Hawaiian Homelands land dedicated to native Hawaiians by legislation known as the Hawaiian Homes Commission Act of 1921. Its purpose is to enable native Hawaiians to return to their lands in order to fully support self-sufficiency, self-determination, and preserve the values, traditions, and culture of native Hawaiians. The programming, planning, and design of the new campus were developed in light of this noble purpose.

The campus is organized around a Piko, or "central space" in Hawaiian. It is around this large outdoor space that locations for present and future building phases are organized. Considerations for sun, wind, view, and rituals were essential to the design.

The resulting design is a wedge-shaped, modular building that is a repeatable, passively ventilated, wind-blocking structure capable of multiple configurations. When strung together, these modules appear curvilinear in nature.

The initial two buildings are a 9,100-square-feet Pre-K through 5th grade building and a 6,200-square-feet 6th through 12th grade classroom building, utilizing custom-designed modular construction to accommodate campus growth and conserve cost. The buildings reflect the value-based pedagogy of Aloha, and are designed to promote the progress of Hawaii's indigenous people, providing spaces for a culturally driven educational curriculum.

The building program reflects a non-western approach to education. For KALO, the idea of a classroom was loosely defined as a Hui, meaning "club" or "group" in Hawaiian. The plan of the buildings morphed from this idea of loosely defined rooms, resulting in spaces of varying sizes, designed to accommodate multi-aged groups. Programmatically, spaces were then organized within buildings around a large round Piko. A large opening on the western edge of the Piko serves as the main entrance to campus. Each morning, students arrive together, face east, and exchange Hawaiian prayers with their teachers before entering the school. A large opening on the northern edge of the Piko affords views of Mauna Kea. Subsequently, the program organization of the campus is rooted in its rituals and its place.

Designed with sustainability in mind, in keeping with Native Hawaiian's cultural respect for the environment, and KALO's strong desire to return its site to a native Hawaiian landscape, the design of the buildings was integrated into the design of the landscape. Flansburgh Architects developed a landscape plan that includes areas for medicinal plants, culturally important plants, food crops, orchards, planted wind breaks with wind resistant plants, restored native forest, nursery, rainwater catchment, and bio swales. Each building has alternating shed roofs that provide views to the surrounding mountains and promote natural ventilation. Run-off from roofs is directed to rain barrels outside each Hui that is used to irrigate student gardens. Large, sliding glass walls open onto lanai or covered porches on the leeward side of buildings to protect outdoor teaching areas from strong prevailing trade winds.

Product Information
Fiber Cement Siding: James Hardie
Metal Roofing: Steelscape Zincalume
Windows: Breezeway, Altair Jaloussie Louvers
Curtain Wall: Kawneer
Entrances & Storefronts: Fleetwood, Nanawall
Solar Tubes: Velux 
 

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