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  Wofford College Goodall Environmental Studies CenterWofford College Goodall Environmental Studies Center


McMillan Pazdan Smith Architecture, LLC
127 Dunbar Street, Spartanburg, SC 29306

General Description

Location: Glendale, South Carolina
Awarded LEED® Platinum
Date Bid:
Sep 2008 Construction Period: Sep 2008 to May 2009
Total Square Feet: 2,174 Site: 2.9 acres
Number of Buildings: One; One classroom seating 37.
Building Size: First floor, 2,174; total, 2,174 square feet.
Building Height: First floor, 30’; total, 30’.
Basic Construction Type: Historical renovation.
Foundation: Stone. Exterior Walls: Brick. Roof: Membrane. Floors: Wood.
Interior Walls: Wood stud, plaster.

Construction Team

Structural Engineer: Bailey and Son Engineering, Inc. - P. O. Box 10324, Greenville, SC 29603
General Contractor & Cost Estimator: SYS Constructors - 20 Brozzini Court, Greenville, SC 29615
Mechanical Engineer: Wade Crow Engineering - 430 East Main Street, #201, Spartanburg, SC 29302
Electrical Engineer: Matrix Engineering, Inc. - 912 S. Pine Street, Spartanburg, SC 29302

The Wofford College Goodall Environmental Studies Center provides a clear example of creative historic preservation and sustainable design, offering a significant learning experience for both the college community and the surrounding neighborhood. In use since July 2009, the Center not only restored the Glendale Mill Office Building to an exciting new use, but also opened the beauty of Lawson's Fork Creek to the public - hidden from view for 100 years.

In 1832, Glendale Mill began operations off Lawson's Fork Creek, just southeast of Spartanburg. The Great Depression brought hard times to the mill and it
was sold multiple times and eventually closed in 1961.

In 2007, several local organizations together with Wofford College alumni began a campaign to revitalize Glendale, preserving the history and natural resources of Lawson's Fork Creek. Working with the gift of the old mill office and the surrounding 3 acres, the only remaining structure since a fire in 2004 destroyed the mill, the plaster walls were repaired and refinished, and missing plaster was replaced. All original wainscoting, original woodwork and trim was repaired and refinished. Missing woodwork was replaced to match existing profiles.

A significant transformation was necessary to create a fully restored, sustainable building from the dilapidated structure. The roof parapet was missing and windows were mismatched, boarded up, or painted. The roof had leaked and rainwater had rotted the floors. Plaster surfaces from both walls and ceilings were damaged or missing, floors were sagging, and wooden wainscoting was badly damaged. The most pressing renovation issues were repairing structural damage and meeting LEED® requirements in a historical context.

LEED requirements allowed only low VOC materials to be used in the refinishing process. Window repair was not possible due to the extent of deterioration and new windows were designed and constructed to match the original sash configuration. The building's systems were re-designed and replaced to meet sustainability standards, but fitting systems into the existing crawl space proved challenging. Insulation was added to crawl space and attic, but could not be added to exterior masonry walls. Period light fixtures were modified to accommodate fluorescent bulbs and operate on motion sensors. Toilet areas have been designed to use water pumped from the creek instead of potable water. Every space has its own thermostat to enhance occupancy comfort.

In the end, the project achieved LEED Platinum Certification and has found a new home for Wofford College's Environmental Studies Program. Faculty members, students and a variety of visitors have grown to appreciate the peacefulness of the preserved structure in its park-like setting.

LEED® Points Achieved         57 Total
Sustainable Sites                    9
Water Efficiency                   5
Energy & Atmosphere            16
Materials & Resources            9
Indoor Environmental Quality 13
Innovation & Design Process   5

Product Information
Membrane Roof: Johns Manville
Lighting: Rejuvenation
Windows: Pella
Markerboards/Tackboards: Claridge

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