College Goodall Environmental Studies Center|
McMillan Pazdan Smith Architecture, LLC
127 Dunbar Street, Spartanburg, SC 29306
Location: Glendale, South Carolina
Awarded LEED® Platinum
Sep 2008 Construction Period: Sep 2008 to May 2009
Total Square Feet: 2,174 Site: 2.9 acres
Number of Buildings: One; One classroom seating 37.
Building Size: First floor, 2,174; total, 2,174 square feet.
Building Height: First floor, 30’; total, 30’.
Basic Construction Type: Historical renovation.
Foundation: Stone. Exterior Walls: Brick. Roof:
Membrane. Floors: Wood.
Interior Walls: Wood stud, plaster.
Structural Engineer: Bailey and Son Engineering, Inc. - P. O. Box
10324, Greenville, SC 29603
General Contractor & Cost Estimator: SYS Constructors - 20
Brozzini Court, Greenville, SC 29615
Mechanical Engineer: Wade Crow Engineering - 430 East Main
Street, #201, Spartanburg, SC 29302
Electrical Engineer: Matrix Engineering, Inc. - 912 S. Pine
Street, Spartanburg, SC 29302
The Wofford College Goodall Environmental Studies Center provides a
clear example of creative historic preservation and sustainable design,
offering a significant learning experience for both the college
community and the surrounding neighborhood. In use since July 2009, the
Center not only restored the Glendale Mill Office Building to an
exciting new use, but also opened the beauty of Lawson's Fork Creek to
the public - hidden from view for 100 years.
In 1832, Glendale Mill began operations off Lawson's Fork Creek, just
southeast of Spartanburg. The Great Depression brought hard times to the
mill and it
was sold multiple times and eventually closed in 1961.
In 2007, several local organizations together with Wofford College
alumni began a campaign to revitalize Glendale, preserving the history
and natural resources of Lawson's Fork Creek. Working with the gift of
the old mill office and the surrounding 3 acres, the only remaining
structure since a fire in 2004 destroyed the mill, the plaster walls
were repaired and refinished, and missing plaster was replaced. All
original wainscoting, original woodwork and trim was repaired and
refinished. Missing woodwork was replaced to match existing profiles.
A significant transformation was necessary to create a fully restored,
sustainable building from the dilapidated structure. The roof parapet
was missing and windows were mismatched, boarded up, or painted. The
roof had leaked and rainwater had rotted the floors. Plaster surfaces
from both walls and ceilings were damaged or missing, floors were
sagging, and wooden wainscoting was badly damaged. The most pressing
renovation issues were repairing structural damage and meeting LEED®
requirements in a historical context.
LEED requirements allowed only low VOC materials to be used in the
refinishing process. Window repair was not possible due to the extent of
deterioration and new windows were designed and constructed to match the
original sash configuration. The building's systems were re-designed and
replaced to meet sustainability standards, but fitting systems into the
existing crawl space proved challenging. Insulation was added to crawl
space and attic, but could not be added to exterior masonry walls.
Period light fixtures were modified to accommodate fluorescent bulbs and
operate on motion sensors. Toilet areas have been designed to use water
pumped from the creek instead of potable water. Every space has its own
thermostat to enhance occupancy comfort.
In the end, the project achieved LEED Platinum Certification and has
found a new home for Wofford College's Environmental Studies Program.
Faculty members, students and a variety of visitors have grown to
appreciate the peacefulness of the preserved structure in its park-like
LEED® Points Achieved
Energy & Atmosphere
Materials & Resources
Indoor Environmental Quality 13
Innovation & Design Process 5
Membrane Roof: Johns Manville