Manoa Elementary School
317 N. Front Street, Harrisburg, PA 17101
Location: Havertown, Pennsylvania
Date Bid: Jan 2007
Construction Period: May 2007 to Nov 2008
Total Square Feet: 85,355 Site: 3.8 acres.
Number of Buildings: One; 37 classrooms, 850 pupil seating
Building Size: First floor, 57,755; second floor, 13,800;
mechanical mezzanine, 13,800; total, 85,355 square feet.
Building Height: First floor, 12’8”; second floor, 12’8”;
mechanical mezzanine, 11’6”; total, 36’10”.
Basic Construction Type: New/Type 2 Non Combustible.
Foundation: Cast-in-place. Exterior Walls: Brick, metal
panel. Roof: Modified bitumen. Floors: Concrete, concrete
plank. Interior Walls: CMU, metal stud drywall.
Structural Engineer: Baker Ingram & Associates, Inc. - 1547
Oregon Pike, Lancaster, PA 17601
General Contractor: John S. McManus, Inc. - P.O. Box 418, 9
Smithbridge Road, Chester Heights, PA 19017
MEP & Fire Protection Engineer: H. F. Lenz - 1407 Scalp Avenue,
Johnstown, PA 15904
Civil Engineer: H. F. Lenz - 1407 Scalp Avenue, Johnstown, PA
The Manoa Elementary School can accommodate 4 classrooms per grade level
with a total capacity of 850 pupils. With limited open land in this
Philadelphia streetcar suburb, the only available site was 3.1 acres of
a 10-acre community sports complex. This necessitated a 3-story building
plan. The building and site circulation pattern was intentionally
compact in design to maximize the amount of athletic field space that
remains available to the community, including fields for lacrosse,
soccer, field hockey and football. The use of subsurface storm water
detention and a hard surface playground for event overflow parking
assisted in retaining green field space.
A sub divisible gymnasium room, cafeteria, 2-music rooms, art room, and
14-flexible learning spaces provide support for the District’s
enrichment and special needs programs. Spatial efficiency is maximized
by allowing the use of the cafeteria as both stage and sub divisible
large group instructional area. A reinforced masonry bearing and
pre-cast concrete plank structural system was utilized for the classroom
wing to substantially reduce construction time and to limit the overall
height of the building to 30-feet to meet local zoning requirements. To
further reduce the building’s apparent mass within this residential
neighborhood, the exterior skin utilizes a mixture of reflective zinc
colored metal panels, allowing the classroom and gymnasium wings to
assume the color of the surrounding environment.
Internally the building features an integrated data fiber optic backbone
with wireless networking and a complete modern “voice over” IP
communication system. In addition to portable wireless labs, each
classroom has 4 computers, as well as a mounted LCD projector and smart
Green components of the building are cost-effective and protective of
the environment. Sustainable features include occupancy sensors for
lighting, insulated glass windows and doors, high efficiency
indirect/direct lighting and daylighting. The acid-etched and sealed
concrete floors in circulation areas require minimal maintenance while
avoiding the use of manmade products. Corridors have a wainscot of
bamboo wood - a renewable resource. The high-tech heating and cooling
system provides dehumidification capability, controlling mold and
allowing for superior heating and cooling recovery with the use of
energy recovery ventilators.
The emphasis on sustainability was reinforced by development of interior
design themes based upon the five Greek elements. Floors became part of
this integral design throughout the school, and each of the 3-classroom
floors has a different visual theme based upon the elements of Water
(1st Floor classrooms), Earth (2nd Floor classrooms) and Air (3rd Floor
classrooms). The elements of Ether (main entry) and Fire (library and
1st Floor administration & gymnasium wing) were also incorporated. These
themes are reinforced by the choice of flooring, wall colors, cabinets,
vinyl tiles and stair treads which allow the children to wayfind their
floor by color. The multipurpose space in the Cafeteria and Stage
incorporate all of the themes. The multi-colored earth-toned floor has a
star on the stage level and a sun on the cafeteria level. An acid etched
hand-print border using the handprints of students and staff imparts
DIV. 3: Precast: High Concrete Structures, Inc.;
Concrete Stain: Lithocrome® by L.M. Scofield.
DIV. 7: Metal Panel: Kingspan ASI; Modified Bituminous
Membrane Roofing: Tremco.
DIV. 8: Wood Windows: Pella; Aluminum Windows: EFCO
Rolling Shutter & Overhead Security Grills: Cornell; Wood
DIV. 9: Paint: Sherwin Williams; Ceilings:
DIV. 10: Folding Partitions: Modernfold.