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  Manoa Elementary School

Manoa Elementary SchoolArchitect

McKissick Associates
317 N. Front Street, Harrisburg, PA 17101

General Description

Location: Havertown, Pennsylvania
Date Bid: Jan 2007
Construction Period: May 2007 to Nov 2008
Total Square Feet: 85,355 Site: 3.8 acres.
Number of Buildings: One; 37 classrooms, 850 pupil seating capacity.
Building Size: First floor, 57,755; second floor, 13,800; mechanical mezzanine, 13,800; total, 85,355 square feet.
Building Height: First floor, 12’8”; second floor, 12’8”; mechanical mezzanine, 11’6”; total, 36’10”.
Basic Construction Type: New/Type 2 Non Combustible.
Foundation: Cast-in-place. Exterior Walls: Brick, metal panel. Roof: Modified bitumen. Floors: Concrete, concrete plank. Interior Walls: CMU, metal stud drywall.

Construction Team

Structural Engineer: Baker Ingram & Associates, Inc. - 1547 Oregon Pike, Lancaster, PA 17601
General Contractor: John S. McManus, Inc. - P.O. Box 418, 9 Smithbridge Road, Chester Heights, PA 19017
MEP & Fire Protection Engineer: H. F. Lenz - 1407 Scalp Avenue, Johnstown, PA 15904
Civil Engineer: H. F. Lenz - 1407 Scalp Avenue, Johnstown, PA 15904

The Manoa Elementary School can accommodate 4 classrooms per grade level with a total capacity of 850 pupils. With limited open land in this Philadelphia streetcar suburb, the only available site was 3.1 acres of a 10-acre community sports complex. This necessitated a 3-story building plan. The building and site circulation pattern was intentionally compact in design to maximize the amount of athletic field space that remains available to the community, including fields for lacrosse, soccer, field hockey and football. The use of subsurface storm water detention and a hard surface playground for event overflow parking assisted in retaining green field space.

A sub divisible gymnasium room, cafeteria, 2-music rooms, art room, and 14-flexible learning spaces provide support for the District’s enrichment and special needs programs. Spatial efficiency is maximized by allowing the use of the cafeteria as both stage and sub divisible large group instructional area. A reinforced masonry bearing and pre-cast concrete plank structural system was utilized for the classroom wing to substantially reduce construction time and to limit the overall height of the building to 30-feet to meet local zoning requirements. To further reduce the building’s apparent mass within this residential neighborhood, the exterior skin utilizes a mixture of reflective zinc colored metal panels, allowing the classroom and gymnasium wings to assume the color of the surrounding environment.

Internally the building features an integrated data fiber optic backbone with wireless networking and a complete modern “voice over” IP communication system. In addition to portable wireless labs, each classroom has 4 computers, as well as a mounted LCD projector and smart board capability.

Green components of the building are cost-effective and protective of the environment. Sustainable features include occupancy sensors for lighting, insulated glass windows and doors, high efficiency indirect/direct lighting and daylighting. The acid-etched and sealed concrete floors in circulation areas require minimal maintenance while avoiding the use of manmade products. Corridors have a wainscot of bamboo wood - a renewable resource. The high-tech heating and cooling system provides dehumidification capability, controlling mold and allowing for superior heating and cooling recovery with the use of energy recovery ventilators.

The emphasis on sustainability was reinforced by development of interior design themes based upon the five Greek elements. Floors became part of this integral design throughout the school, and each of the 3-classroom floors has a different visual theme based upon the elements of Water (1st Floor classrooms), Earth (2nd Floor classrooms) and Air (3rd Floor classrooms). The elements of Ether (main entry) and Fire (library and 1st Floor administration & gymnasium wing) were also incorporated. These themes are reinforced by the choice of flooring, wall colors, cabinets, vinyl tiles and stair treads which allow the children to wayfind their floor by color. The multipurpose space in the Cafeteria and Stage incorporate all of the themes. The multi-colored earth-toned floor has a star on the stage level and a sun on the cafeteria level. An acid etched hand-print border using the handprints of students and staff imparts immediate ownership.


DIV. 3: Precast: High Concrete Structures, Inc.; Concrete Stain: Lithocrome® by L.M. Scofield.
DIV. 7: Metal Panel: Kingspan ASI; Modified Bituminous Membrane Roofing: Tremco.
DIV. 8: Wood Windows: Pella; Aluminum Windows: EFCO Corporation;
Rolling Shutter & Overhead Security Grills: Cornell; Wood Doors: Graham.
DIV. 9: Paint: Sherwin Williams; Ceilings: Armstrong.
DIV. 10: Folding Partitions: Modernfold.


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