LEED® GOLD PENDING|
McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine
IKM INCORPORATED ó ARCHITECTS
One PPG Place, Pittsburgh, PA 15222
Total Square Feet: 45,200
Construction Period: Aug 1999 to Aug 2002
GENERAL CONTRACTOR: TEDCO Construction Company - TEDCO Place, Carnegie, PA 15106
STRUCTURAL ENGINEER PHASE 2: Conway Engineering - 239 Fourth Avenue, Pittsburgh, PA 15222
ELECTRICAL & MECHANICAL ENGINEER: RAY Engineering - 1841 Universal Road, Pittsburgh, PA 15235
LANDSCAPE ARCHITECT: Klavon Design Associates - 915 Penn Avenue, #1005, Pittsburgh, PA 15222
* Phase 1, Bid Date, July 1999; Construction Period, August 1999 to January, 2001. Phase 2, Bid Date, December, 2001; Construction Period, January 2002 to August 2002.
Standing on a former brownfield site, the McGowan Institute for Regenerative Medicine is an apt symbol of Pittsburgh's transformation from a smoky steel city to a center of advanced medicine, research and emerging technologies. The site, which is located along the Monongahela River three miles from downtown, was once a sprawling J & L Steel mill. Today the McGowan Institute houses scientists, researchers and other staff who are developing artificial organs, replacement tissues and cellular therapies.
Perhaps unique for a LEED® project, the McGowan Institute was designed and built in two phases. Architects IKM Incorporated originally planned the 45,200 square foot building as a speculative laboratory and office shell building for the local Urban Redevelopment Authority as part of its redevelopment plan for the former steel site. This "shell" phase, completed in late 1999, was not registered as a LEED project nor did it have specific sustainability goals.
The second phase involved design and build-out, again by IKM, for a new owner, the University of Pittsburgh, and its primary tenant, the McGowan Institute. Planning for the fit-out project began in 2000 and was "green" from the beginning. The Heinz Endowments of Pittsburgh made a generous grant with the challenge that the University register the project with LEED and pursue a Gold rating.
Targeting the stringent Gold standard with an existing shell building was a double challenge. Although IKM had designed the building envelope for durability and performance, the opportunities to pursue integrated design were limited with the building already in place. Instead, IKM focused on elements that could be optimally designed during the fit-out project. For example, careful product selection allowed the project to more than double the LEED standards for recycled content and regionally sourced materials.
Similarly, the completed HVAC system features a desiccant heat wheel that saves energy through an air-to-air heat exchanger while meeting the Institute's need as a laboratory for 100 percent outside air. The mechanical and electrical systems were fully commissioned, and sub-metering of various building zones allows the University to monitor energy use. The building employs photocells, occupancy sensors and CO2 sensors to ensure efficient use of all systems. As a result, modeling completed by the IKM team projects energy savings of 33 percent compared to ASHRAE standards. The power the building does require comes from "green" biomass sources (landfill gas) under a multi-year contract with Green Mountain Energy Company.
The McGowan project earned all five LEED "water efficiency" credits. The key innovation is a rainwater collection and recycling system that significantly reduces both the amount of storm water leaving the site and the building's demand for potable water. The system captures rainwater on the roof, stores the water in a 5,000-gallon tank beneath the loading dock and re-uses the water for toilet flushing and landscape irrigation. IKM estimates the system diverts and re-uses approximately 168,000 gallons of storm water annually. In this way, the McGowan Institute is helping to address one of Pittsburgh's lingering environmental problems, the overflow of combined sewage and storm water into the three rivers that define the City.
Finally, the McGowan Institute has been integrated with the teaching mission of the University of Pittsburgh. During the second phase of design, seniorlevel students in the School of Civil Engineering evaluated the feasibility of converting the shell building's ballasted roof into a green roof. Although this idea could not be implemented, the
LEED-rated building now serves as a case study of applied sustainable design principles. Since its completion in late 2002, the McGowan Institute has become a regular destination for visiting delegations to the University from around the world.
DIV 04: Brick: The Belden Brick
DIV 07: Membrane: Firestone; Manufactured Roofing & Siding: Centria.
DIV 08: Curtainwall: Kawneer; Glass Block: Pittsburgh Corning; Isolation Cubicle Doors: Stanley Access Technologies.
DIV 09: Gypsum: United States Gypsum; Linoleum: Forbo, Porcelain Tile: Crossville; Carpet: Shaw.