New Administration Building, Metropolitan State Hospital|
NADEL ARCHITECTS, INC.
1990 South Bundy Drive, 4th Floor
Los Angeles, CA 90026
Total Square Feet: 72,000
Construction Period: June 2001 to Mar 2003
CONSTRUCTION MANAGER: Turner/Vanir State Buildings Seismic Program - 1314 H Street, #101, Sacramento, CA 95814
GENERAL CONTRACTOR: Kemp Bros. Construction, Inc. - 10135 Geary Avenue, Santa Fe Springs, CA 90670
STRUCTURAL ENGINEER: EQE International/ABS Consulting - 300 Commerce Drive, #200, Irvine, CA 92602
ELECTRICAL ENGINEER: Patsaouras & Associates - 523 West 6th Street, #219, Los Angeles, CA 90014
MECHANICAL ENGINEER: J.L. Hengstler Associates, Inc. - 100 South Anaheim Boulevard, #150, Anaheim, CA 92805
COST ESTIMATOR: O'Connor Construction Management 19600 Fairchild, #300, Irvine, CA 92612
Originally constructed in the early 1900's, the 164-acre Metropolitan State Hospital campus is one of the oldest facilities of its kind in California, with an eclectic mix of building styles ranging from English Tudor and Gothic to 60's modern. The hospital campus had not seen significant new construction for nearly 40 years. Funded by FEMA, the State of California commissioned the design and construction of a modern medical building to centralize administrative and general clinic functions.
Creating a new Administration Building on the campus meant demolishing an existing structure, and utilizing what was essentially a narrowly landscaped median between two existing streets. With the new 4-story, 72,000-square-foot building maximizing the limits of the site, Nadel focused on creating bold geometries, allowing the natural solar orientations of the four sides to develop the design vocabulary. This methodology produced broadly cantilevered sunshades along the southern building facade, a system of oversized "framed" window openings along the north, and a simple series of slotted windows along the east end. The west end of the building was punctuated with a cylindrical mass housing one of two exit stairwells, freeing the interior floor plates for maximum flexibility in the layout of offices and clinic functions.
Brick was selected as the primary skin treatment, creating visual continuity with the surrounding buildings that exhibit a more traditional character as seen in elements such as clay tile roofing, brick and plaster exterior finishes, and elaborate brick patterns combined with precast concrete ornamentation. The majority of the facade was broken into "zones of contextuality" expressed in several type of brick and brick color. A special "sawtoothed" brick was created for an added level of complexity. The mosaic of brick detail conveys an abstracted interpretation of traditional architecture, anchoring the new building within the historic context seen throughout the hospital campus.
Functionally, the administrative areas of the building were designed to serve as a communications clearinghouse for the hospital campus, integrating the main switchboard into the building. Combined data ports and voice outlets within individual workstations connect administrative employees to all campus-wide systems. A high-density filing system centralizes record keeping.
The new building accommodates many medical functions, including examination rooms, patient consultation and therapy rooms, EKG-EEG laboratory and radiographic fluoroscopic units, IV preparation areas, a 3,000-square-foot clinical laboratory for blood analysis and testing, a 6,000-square-foot pharmacy for pharmaceutical manufacturing, and specialized medical equipment storage. The facility features energy efficient design, with particular emphasis on aspects of passive solar control.
Virtually all of the original design features survived the mandatory value engineering process, as prescribed by the State of California Department of General Services during all phases of design. The project was designed and constructed in accordance with the California State Building Code and received State Fire Marshall approval.
DIV 04: Brick: Endicott Clay Products.
DIV 07: Built-Up Roofing, Insulation: Johns Manville.
DIV 08: Entrances & Storefronts, Curtainwall, Windows: Kawneer.
DIV 09: Acoustical Treatment: USG Interiors; Carpet: Mohawk; Granite: Cold Spring Granite.